Jacob

Son of Isaac and Rebekah, and brother of Esau whom he twice outwitted (Gen. 25:29 ff.; 27). The traditions about Jacob were compiled over several centuries but in so far as it can be assumed that Jacob was a historical person he is likely to have lived in the period between about 1750 and 1570 BCE. Some authorities believe there are indications that he lived about 1200 BCE at the beginning of the early Iron Age, but this date would assume a surprisingly late date for the Exodus [[➝ Exodus, the]]. The combination of the Jacob stories from the two sources J and E and then with the addition of P material (in Gen. 35) is in a remarkably sophisticated arrangement reflecting, by the genealogical relationship of Jacob to his sons, something of the actual social realities at the time of compilation.
Jacob is portrayed unattractively: he steals from his father-in-law Laban; he deceives his brother Esau and so obtains his birthright; and he tricks his father into giving him the blessing of the first-born which was Esau's privilege. In his old age, Jacob comes into the Joseph narrative and dies near Joseph, his favourite son (Gen. 49:33).
In the NT Jacob is mentioned in the speech of Stephen (Acts 7:8) in his recital of the promises of God to his people; but more importantly the preference of Jacob over Esau is used by Paul (Rom. 9:13) to illustrate the sovereign grace of God, and by Heb. 11:9 as one of the examplars of true faith. In the conversation between Jesus and a Samaritan woman, she asks whether he is greater than the ancestor Jacob (John 4:12). It is an example of John's irony: she thinks it is absurd—but the readers of the gospel know otherwise.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • JACOB — (Heb. יַעֲקֹב ,יַעֲקוֹב), younger twin son of isaac and rebekah , third of the patriarchs of the people of Israel. His father was 60 years old at the time of Jacob s birth, which occurred after 20 years of childless marriage (Gen. 25:20, 26).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacob's — is a brand name for several lines of biscuits and crackers. The brand name in the United Kingdom is owned by United Biscuits while the brand name in Ireland is owned by the Jacob Fruitfield Food Group.HistoryThe originator of the Jacob s brand… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob — o Ya akov, en hebreo יַעֲקֹב sostenido por el talón o en árabe يعقوب Yaʿqūb, conocido despues como Israel hebreo יִשְׂרָאֵל Principe de Dios , árabe اسرائيل Isrāʾīl) es uno de los patriarcas de la Biblia. Su historia es contada en el libro de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JACOB — Nom du patriarche qui, dans la tradition biblique définitivement sertie (l’unité religieuse et l’unité politique s’étant de concert façonnées, les douze tribus vénèrent ce personnage comme leur père commun), est présenté comme l’ancêtre éponyme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacob — • The son of Isaac and Rebecca, third great patriarch of the chosen people, and the immediate ancestor of the twelve tribes of Israel Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Jacob     Jacob …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jacob — (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard ), Judah (), Naphtali (), Issachar (), and Benjamin (), this is seen as a foreshadowing of the blessings Christians believe resulted from Jesus death on the cross.IslamIn Arabic, Jacob is known as Yakub . He is revered… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob 52 — Tres Yak 52 de la Asociación Jacob 52 en formación sobre el aeródromo de Ses Salines, en Mallorca. Activa 2003 actualidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacob — ist ein männlicher Vorname, siehe Jacob (Vorname) ein Familienname; siehe Jacob (Familienname) der tropische Wirbelsturm Jacob siehe auch: Jacob Sisters, deutsches Gesangsquartett Jacobs Zimmer, Virginia Woolf Der Wahre Jacob, Zeitschrift Jacob s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JACOB (M.) — Personnage insolite de la génération qui, dans les débuts de ce siècle, a inventé une sensibilité nouvelle, Max Jacob est connu surtout comme recréateur du poème en prose: or, cela ne va pas sans injustice contre le reste de son œuvre poétique et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacob — Ja cob, n. [Cf. F. Jacob. See 2d {Jack}.] A Hebrew patriarch (son of Isaac, and ancestor of the Jews), who in a vision saw a ladder reaching up to heaven ( Gen. xxviii. 12); also called {Israel}. [1913 Webster] And Jacob said . . . with my staff… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JACOB (F.) — JACOB FRANÇOIS (1920 ) Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, François Jacob termine ses études de médecine et soutient sa thèse de doctorat à Paris en 1947. Ne pouvant faire de chirurgie à cause de ses blessures, il s’essaie à différentes disciplines …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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